Sample primary source essay

Salvator was a lutenist and a satirist. The vagaries of “society,” in the conventional sense of the term, are one of the traditional matters of laughter; our comic journals have enlightened even dull minds on this point. Tooke was himself an unintentional confirmation of his own argument; for the tone of his written compositions is as flat and unraised as his manner of speaking was hard and dry. We do not see its divisions, but we feel the galling pressure of each creeping sand that measures out our hours. Every savage undergoes sample primary source essay a sort of Spartan discipline, and by the necessity of his situation is inured to every sort of hardship. M—— turned a barrel-organ—that Mr. In the year-counts or winter-counts of the American tribes, the years were very generally signified by circles arranged in rows or spirals. Treason was a most elastic crime, as was shown in 1553 by its serving as an excuse for the torture of one Stonyng, a prisoner in the Marshalsea, because he had transcribed for the amusement of his fellow-captives a satirical description of Philip II., whose marriage with Queen Mary was then under contemplation.[1827] But it was not only in cases of high treason that the royal prerogative was allowed to transgress the limits of the law. “As useful as a librarian,” “As indispensable as the public library”–these are not yet, I am afraid, household phrases. A man would be ridiculous who should appear in public with a suit of clothes quite different from those which are commonly worn, though the new dress should in itself be ever so graceful or convenient. Let a man have a quick circulation, a good digestion, the bulk, and thews, and sinews of a man, and the alacrity, the unthinking confidence inspired by these; and without an atom, a shadow of the _mens divinior_, he shall strut and swagger and vapour and jostle his way through life, and have the upper-hand of those who are his betters in every thing but health and strength. In saying that play is spontaneous activity, freed from the imperious rule of necessity, I do not mean that it is aimless. As has been explained above with respect to sounds and visible objects, where the association must evidently arise from what I have called their secondary, or relative actions, or, if you will, their _conscious ideas_, that is those which are not confined to a particular spot in the circumference of the brain, but affect the general principle of thought, whatever this may be, whether composed of extended, material parts, or indivisible. This is not saying that it is well to seek out descriptions of evil, or to dwell on them, in a work of fiction. Heinrich Rink, who has passed nineteen winters in Greenland, has furnished me the originals, with translations, of several of these nith songs. It was not here expressed by a peculiar word denoting relation and nothing but relation, but by a variation upon the co-relative term. The Planets, therefore, all floating, in that immense tide of ether which is continually setting in from west to east round the body of the Sun, complete their revolutions in a longer or a shorter time, according to their nearness or distance from him. In every well-formed mind this second desire seems to be the strongest of the two. You will permit me to avoid the discussion as to what constitutes races in anthropology. It is not many years ago that, in the Highlands of Scotland, the chieftain used to consider the poorest man of his clan, as his cousin and relation. The most splendid characters, the men who have performed the most illustrious actions, who have brought about the greatest revolutions, both in the situations and {223} opinions of mankind; the most successful warriors, the greatest statesmen and legislators, the eloquent founders and leaders of the most numerous and most successful sects and parties; have many of them been, not more distinguished for their very great merit, than for a degree of presumption and self-admiration altogether disproportioned even to that very great merit. Louis and Philippe le Bel that several ordonnances and charters granted by Philippe le Long in 1318 and 1319, while promising reforms in the procedures of the bailiffs and seneschals, and in the manner of holding inquests, are wholly silent on the subject of the duel, affording a fair inference that complaints on that score were no longer made.[759] Philip of Valois was especially energetic in maintaining sample primary source essay the royal jurisdiction, and when in 1330 he was obliged to restrict the abusive use of appeals from the local courts to the Parlement,[760] it is evident that the question of granting or withholding the wager of battle had become practically a prerogative of the crown. Their spheres are widening and their aims are diversifying, however, so that he who should venture to predict their precise status in the future would be rash. With slaves it was not simply a consequence of slavery, but a mode of confirming and rendering admissible the testimony of those whose character was not sufficiently known to give their evidence credibility without it. A popular speaker (such as I have been here describing) is like a vulgar actor off the stage—take away his cue, and he has nothing to say for himself. He gradually declined from old age, and died in December, 1821. The rules of some libraries–both those for their public and those for their own assistants–all seem to run up hill–to “rub everyone the wrong way,” while those of others seem to get themselves obeyed without any trouble. In the imitative arts, though it is by no means necessary that the imitating should so exactly resemble the imitated object, that the one should sometimes be mistaken for the other, it is, however, necessary that they should resemble at least so far, that the one should always readily suggest the other. I ask you to consider, in this connection, the career of Ulysses S. With regard to us, they are immediately connected with the agreeable ideas of courage, victory, and honour. About forty years ago M. They served as the site of the chieftain’s house in the villages, and from them led a broad, smooth road through the village to the water.[68] These descriptions correspond closely to those of the remains which the botanists, John and William Bartram, discovered and reported about a century ago. The mysterious crime of witchcraft was so difficult of proof that judicial ingenuity was taxed to its utmost to secure conviction, and the Devil was always ready to aid his followers and baffle the ends of justice. In the absence of evidence, the oath of the defendant was final, and this incitement to perjury could only be repressed by investing the oath with the qualities of the ordeal. I shall in another discourse endeavour to give an account of the general principles of law and government, and of the different revolutions they have undergone in the different ages and periods of society, not only in what concerns justice, but in what concerns police, revenue, and arms, and whatever else is the object of law. Of all the corrupters of moral sentiments, therefore, faction and fanaticism have always been by far the greatest.

This held up the payroll for some time, and did not tend to reconcile any member of the staff to its new status. The witty have been found to be trying to their families, so importunate is the appetite of wit in its demand for regularity of meals. We shall never be able to pick good officers if we do not know how to detect in our privates the qualities that would fit them to command and how to encourage the development of such qualities when there is anything on which to base it. When it appeared in the world, it was almost universally disapproved of, by the learned as well as by the ignorant. No, but that he is not like Shakespear. To know the best in each class infers a higher degree of taste; to reject the class is only a negation of taste; for different classes do not interfere with one another, nor can any one’s _ipse dixit_ be taken on so wide a question as abstract excellence. The weakness of sorrow never appears in any respect agreeable, except when it arises from what we feel for ourselves. Leclerc, Paris, 1885). The syllable or syllables which come after the accent that closes the fifth interval are never accented. She was formerly more conversable, and would have done something at her needle, but at present she is always idle, and has latterly, from inaction, become less cleanly in her person. The very existence of society requires that unmerited and unprovoked malice should be restrained by proper punishments; and consequently, that to inflict those punishments should be regarded as a proper and laudable action. These facts testify that what are called “the grammatical categories” were wholly absent in the primitive speech of man. In the case of his own boy, it seems, the movements of the corners of the mouth, accompanied by the formation of dimples in the cheek, occurred in the second week, both in the waking and in the sleeping state. Against this a man might argue that he had solemnly vowed not to sample primary source essay shed human blood, either as a soldier or otherwise, and that he is right to resist any attempt to conscript him for the army, since he would thereby be required to perjure himself. Since Arnold’s attempt to correct his countrymen, English criticism has followed two directions. But when those pretensions are supported by a very high degree of real and solid merit, when they are displayed with all the splendour which ostentation can bestow upon them, when they are supported by high rank and great power, when they have often been successfully exerted, and are, upon that account, attended by the loud acclamations of the multitude; even the man of sober judgment often abandons himself to the general admiration. And first I may note that both the history of the alleged original manuscript and the method in which it has been presented are to the last degree unsatisfactory. Within the present century the Seminoles of Florida are said to have retained the custom of collecting the slain after a battle and interring them in one large mound. II. Rejecting the explanation of Scribonius, he argues that the floating of the witch is caused by the direct interposition of the Devil himself, who is willing to sacrifice a follower occasionally in order to damn the souls of those who participate in a practice condemned by the Church.[1036] Wier, who denied witchcraft, while believing in the active interposition of the Devil, argues likewise that those who float are borne up by demons, but he attributes it to their desire to confirm the popular illusions concerning witchcraft.[1037] Another demonographer of the period, Godelmann, does not hesitate to say that any judge resorting to this mode of proof rendered himself liable to a retaliatory action; and he substantiates his opinion as to the worthlessness of the trial by a case within his own experience. John Cotton Dana, of Newark, New Jersey. Uniformly courteous? In the ellipse, the sum of the two lines which are drawn from any one point in the circumference to the two foci, is always equal to that of those which are drawn from any other point in the circumference to the same foci. We will first glance again at the facts, and then examine the hypotheses put forward for explaining them. People tell you that Sterne was hard-hearted; that the author of Waverley is a mere worldling; that Shakespear was a man without passions. _Respice finem_, is the great rule in all practical pursuits: to attain our journey’s end, we should look little to the right or to the left; the knowledge of excellence as often deters and distracts, as it stimulates the mind to exertion; and hence we may see some reason, why the general diffusion of taste and liberal arts is not always accompanied with an increase of individual genius. The degree of their unwholesomeness, too, seems to be pretty much in proportion to that of their disagreeableness. That in this state of society, therefore, a parent should be allowed to judge whether he can bring up his child, ought not to surprise us so greatly. The combat was long and desperate, but at length the appellant literally tore out the heart of his antagonist.[776] Such incidents among roturiers, however, were rare. The Parlement adopts a middle course; it acquits the Jews and awards no damages, showing that the torture was legal and a retracted confession valueless.[1564] The fifth case, which occurs in 1307, is interesting as having for its reporter no less a personage than Guillaume de Nogaret, the captor of Boniface VIII. When a person dies by disease, they suppose he has been killed by some sorcery, or some unknown venomous creature. In some cases it is an old entertaining figure revived, the exacting and anxious miser, for example, or the voluble braggart. Of her Hebrew sayings, only a few could be traced to the Bible and most seemed to be in the Rabbinical dialect. We have only to deal with the combat as a strictly judicial process, and shall, therefore, leave untouched the vast harvest of curious anecdote afforded by the monomachial propensities of modern times. I have sometimes spoken disrespectfully of their talents, and so I think, comparatively with those of some of our standard writers. Anger against a man is, no doubt, somewhat different from anger against a woman, and that again from anger against a child. The terrible secrets of the dungeons of Naples and Palermo may never see the light, but enough is known to show that they rivalled those of Ezzelin da Romano. II. They are to some extent capable of the group arrangement spoken of above, as where a library patron asks to take out half a dozen records from one opera or eight old French dances. This suggests many analogies from the mythologies of other races; for the notion of the primeval bird, at once lord of the winds and father of the race, is found in numerous American tribes, and is distinctly contained in the metaphors of the first chapter of Genesis. The question has been put by psychological grammarians, which one of the senses most helped man in the creation of language—or to express it in modern scientific parlance, was primitive man a _visuaire_ or an _auditaire_? Mary of Saintes, claimed certain property belonging to the convent. The work of Beaumanoir, written in 1283, is not only the most perfect embodiment of the French jurisprudence of his time, but is peculiarly interesting as a landmark in the struggle between the waning power of feudalism and the Roman theories which gave intensity of purpose to the enlightened centralization aimed at by St. In this consists the difference between the character of a miser and that of a person of exact oeconomy and assiduity. It is a great caricature, which is beautiful; and a great humour, which is serious. When I say therefore that the human mind is naturally benevolent, this does not refer to any innate abstract idea of good in general, or to an instinctive desire of general indefinite unknown good but to the natural connection between the idea of happiness and the desire of it, independently of any particular attachment to the person who is to feel it. The effects of grief and joy terminate in the person who feels those emotions, of which the expressions do not, like those of resentment, suggest to us the idea of any other person for whom we are concerned, and whose interests are opposite to his. He is too confident and secure of his audience. The person himself who has unsuccessfully endeavoured to confer a benefit, has by no means the same dependency upon the gratitude of the man whom he meant to oblige, nor the same sense of his own merit towards him, which he would have had in the case of success. We found great numbers in these letters, but as they contained nothing that did not savor of superstition and lies of the devil, we burnt them all, at which the natives grieved most keenly and were greatly pained. sample primary source essay In due course of time, a sufficient number of blanks were distributed, filled and handed in. It is not always the same case with poets, or with those who value themselves upon what is called fine writing. The last duel fought out in England is said to be one in 1492 between Sir James Parker and Hugh Vaughan, arising from a grant of armorial bearings to Vaughan; it was fought on horseback with lances, and at the first course Vaughan slew his antagonist.[806] Still the old laws remained unaltered, and an occasional appeal to them, while it offended men’s common sense, was insufficient to cause their repeal. Pliny mentions a race of enchanters on the Euxine who were lighter than water—“eosdem pr?terea non posse mergi ne veste quidam degravatos;”[1028] and Stephanus Byzantinus describes the inhabitants of Thebe as magicians who could kill with their breath, and floated when thrown into the sea.[1029] To the concurrence of these notions we may attribute the fact that when the cold-water ordeal was abandoned, in the thirteenth century, as a judicial practice in ordinary cases, it still maintained its place as a special mode of trying those unfortunate persons whom their own folly, or the malice and fears of their neighbors, pointed out as witches and sorcerers.[1030] No less than a hundred years after the efforts of Innocent III. —– CHAP. Even among the Romans, the {253} fashion seems not to have been established in the early and, what are called, the virtuous ages of the republic. Suspicion then grew against the husband, and he was duly tortured without extorting a confession, though at the same time he declared that the girl was innocent; and on being taken back to his cell he strangled himself during the night. in 1374, when condemning the Sachsenspiegel, enumerated, among other objectionable features, its provisions of this nature as contrary to the canon law and a tempting of God.[1349] CHAPTER XVIII. On the latter being opened it was found empty, and Erkenbald exhibited it to him in his mouth.